Through Resolution 64/292, the United Nations General Assembly explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation and acknowledged that clean drinking water and sanitation are essential to the realization of all human rights. The Resolution calls upon States and international organizations to provide financial resources, help capacity-building and technology transfer to help countries, in particular developing countries, to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation for all.
Caribbean countries have made great efforts to improve their population’s access to drinking water supply and sanitation services. Although the situation varies considerably among countries, levels of coverage can generally be considered reasonable, with the possible exception of wastewater treatment. Children of the Caribbean Foundation focuses its water and sanitation improvement efforts on the Caribbean island of Jamaica.
Children need schools where they have access to proper water and sanitation facilities. Schools should allow children to practice health promoting behavior and develop the life skills to become healthy citizens physically, mentally and socially.
Due to the terrain of many rural communities on Jamaica it is challenging to establish a clean, safe and reliable water distribution system. Rainfall is the main source of water and is generally stored in water catchments. Water supply at the highest mountain regions is lessened due to low water pressure and small pipes restrict the flow of water from the cisterns to parts of the community.
Improved sanitation and hygiene behaviour contribute significantly to the control of infectious diseases and worm-infestations among children. Children of the Caribbean Foundation works with primary schools across Jamaica to upgrade their sanitation and improve hygiene practices such as hand washing.